Nag Panchami is observed on the 5th day of the
bright half of Shravan (July-August). On this day nag,
cobras and snakes are worshipped with milk, sweets,
flowers, lamps and even sacrifice. The image of Nag
deities made of silver; stone, wood are first bathed with
water and milk, and then worshipped with the reciting of
the following mantras:
Nagah preeta bhavantih
shantimapnoti vai vibhoh,
Sashanti lok ma sadhya modate shashttih samah.
Snakes and cobras are held in awe and reverence in India.
They are worshipped and offered prayers on the Nag
Panchami day. Fast is observed and Brahmins are fed on
this day. The piety observed on this day is considered a
sure protection against the fear of snake-bite. At many
places real cobras and snakes worshipped and fairs held.
On this day digging the earth is prohibited, because the
serpents live under the earth or in nether world and
digging may hurt or annoy them. The various purans like
Agni Puran, Skanda Puran, Narad Puran, etc. They roam
about the land wearing lustrous jewels and ornaments. The
thousand-hooded Shesh Nag or Anant is the most earth like
a chaplet on his crown. When he nods or yawns, the earth
with its oceans and mountains, begin to tremble.
Panchami is also observed as Bhratri Panchami, and women
having brother worship snakes, their holes and keep fast
to propitiate Nags so that their beloved does not fall
victim to snake bite. The serpent has been given an in
India semi-bite to their beloved brothers. The
snake-deities are also regarded as the custodians of the
treasures of land and sea.