Chauth is observed by married ladies on the fourth of the
dark half of Kartik (October-November) in order to ensure
prosperity, sound health and longevity of their husband.
Widows and unmarried girls do not practice it. The married
women keep a fast and do not take even a drop of water.
They get up early in the morning, perform their ablutions
and wear new and festive raiments.
Shiva, Parvati and son Kartikeya are worshipped on this
day along with ten Karwas (the small earthern pots with
spouts) filled with sweets. The Karwas are given to the
daughters and sisters along with gifts. At night when the
moon appears, the women break their fast after offering
water to the moon. The women tell among themselves the
story of Karwa Chauth on this day. Sometimes a Brahmin
priest tells this story and gets gift in return. The
married women receive costly gifts from their husbands,
brothers and parents on this occasion. They touch the feet
of their mother Ė in - law and other elderly ladies of
the family and seek their blessings.
are many interesting stories related to the celebration of
Karwa Chauth. A legend says that once on this day a young
married women observed this fast at her parentís house.
She was very beautiful and tender. The austerity of the
strict fast made her almost lifeless. So, her brothers
caused a fire on the nearby hill and told her that the
moon has risen. The fire gave out the glow of the moon,
than she received the evil news break her fast on seeing
the false moon, than she received the evil news of her
husbandís death at a distant place. She immediately set
out for her husbandís house. On the way Shiva-Parvati met
her and explained to her that the cause of her tragedy was
the immature termination of the fast. Parvati gave her
some blood from her little finger and asked the lady to
sprinkle it on her dead husband. Parvati also advised her
to observe complete and strict Karwa Chauth fast in
future. On reaching home, the lady sprinkled the holy
blood over her husband'sídead body and he was at once
revived. Ever since then, she observed Karwa Chauth fast
in stirct conformity and led a happy prosperous and
healthy, life with her husband and children.