15 August 1947 (from Britain)
Total Area 3,287, 263 sq. km
Land area 2,973,190 sq km
Coastline 7,000 km
Comparative Area Slightly more
than 1/3rd the size of the US
States 26
Union Territories 6
Capital City New Delhi
Districts 463
Largest State Madhya Pradesh
(4,43,446 sq kms)
Border Countries Bangladesh 4,053 km,
Bhutan 605 km,
Burma 1,463 km,
China 3,380 km,
Nepal 1,690 km,
Pakistan 2,912 km
Coastline 7,000 kms
Terrain Upland plain (Deccan Plateau) in South,
Flat to rolling plain along the Ganges,
Deserts in West,
Himalayas in North
Lowest Point Indian Ocean 0 m
Highest Peak Kanchenjunga 8,598 m
Natural Resources Coal (4th largest reserves in the world), iron ore, manganese, mica,
bauxite, titanium ore, chromite,
natural gas, diamonds, petroleum,
Population 953.7 million
Urban Population 27%
Population Growth 2.1 %
Population Ratio 927 females per 1000 males
Density of Population 273 persons per sq km
Most populous State Uttar Pradesh
Area with Highest Density Delhi
(6352 persons per sq km)
Literacy Rate 52.1%
State with Highest Literacy Kerala
Life expectancy 61
GDP (Factor Cost)'96-97 : Quick Estimates Rs 11,49,215 crores
Per-Capital GDP (at Market Prices) '96-97 : Quick estimates Rs 12,76,974 crores
Per-Capital GNP (Factor Cost)'96-97 : Quick Estimates Rs 11,35,370 crores
Per-Capital GNP (at Market Prices)'96-97 : Quick Estimates Rs 12,63,129 crores
Inflation (CPI) 6.6 %
Constitution 26 January 1950 Republic Day of India
Legal System Based on English common law;
Limited judicial review of legislative acts;
Accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction,
with reservations
Judicial branch Supreme Court
Judges are appointed by the president
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal