Anavils
Ahir (Ayar)
Bhil
Charan
Dubala
Jain
Kangashiya
Kapols
Kathi
Khoja
Kharwa-Khalsi
Koli
Lohanas
Mussalmans
Mer
Miyana
Nat-Bajaniya
Naagar
Padhar
Parsis
Patanvadia
Patidars (Patel)
Rajputs
Rabaris
Sindhis
Sidi
Targala - Bhavaya
Vanzara
Vadi
Vaghari
Vankar
Vohras

  

The word ‘Patidar’ has now practically become extinct. The Patidars are now better known as Patels. The word ‘Patidar’ is still used for a member of the Patel community in Kheda district of Central Gujarat.
        Besides ‘Patel’,’Desai’, and ‘Amin’ are the two other surnames commonly found among the Patidars. Theoretically the difference between Desais or Amins on hand and Patels used to till their land themselves while Desais or Amins got others to do the job. Desais were Jagirdars, Amins too were Jagirdars, but they always remained pro-rules. The Patidars in Gujarat are divided in four sub-castes (1) the Kadavas (2) the Leuas (3) the Anjanas (4) the Matis.
        Most of the Leua Patidars are found in Central Gujarat while Kadava Patidars are generally found in North Gujarat, espically, in Mehsana District. Many Anjana patidars have ‘Choudhry’ surname. They also use ‘sinh’ as suffix to their names. Formetly they used to put on a ‘safa’ as a headgear a ‘safa’ is a long piece of cloth wrapped round the head with a loose hanging end. The Matia Patidars are a sub-section of the Leuas and are generally found in south Gujarat. There is yet another section of Patidars called the ‘Chullias’. They live in certain areas of the Saurashtra region of Gujarat. The patels in North Gujarat are also known as ‘Kanabis’. But this term has almost been descraed now. One of the most important events in the Patidar community is that of marriage. The dowry system is still prevalent among most of the sections of the community. The evil custom of dowry proves to be back-breaking and disastrous for the parents of a bride and so the birth of a daughter in a patidar family is considered a source of sadness rather than that of pleasure even today. Besides dowry, large sums are spent after dinner, gaiety and pomp. Today, among Hindus, Patidars are perhaps the most prosperous. They have parctically minted money after the second world war. This is especially true of the Patidars families of Charotar area-Central Gujarat. There is hardly any corner of the globe today where Patidars have not reached. As against this happy and prosperous undertaken very few activities beneficial to society as a whole. The Patidars are mainly an agriculatural community that has attained prosperity by producing immense wealth from by nature Patidars are outspoken-to the extent of being blunt. They have a typical gut. They are a happy-go-lucky people. The two colloquial pharses patidars often use show their care-free atittude. The phrases are: "melne chhal (forget it)" and "hamaiya have" (its okay-leave it) !
        The Patidar community has bestowed many great personalities to Gujarat. They include Shri Vitthalbhai Patel (brother of Sardar Patel and Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Bhailalbhai Patel alias ‘Bhaikaka’ the architect of Vallbhvidyanagar, Shri Arvind N. Mafatlal, Shri Jaikrishna and Harivallabhdas-noted industralist: literary figures like Ishwar Petalikar, Raghuvir chaudhary and Pannalal Patel- a Jnanpith award winner. Many doctors and engineers from this community have enriched the social and cultural life of Gujarat. However, patidars are famous for their capacity to produce ‘raw gold’ from the earth. The patidars are an important community of Guajrat.