Anavils
Ahir (Ayar)
Bhil
Charan
Dubala
Jain
Kangashiya
Kapols
Kathi
Khoja
Kharwa-Khalsi
Koli
Lohanas
Mussalmans
Mer
Miyana
Nat-Bajaniya
Naagar
Padhar
Parsis
Patanvadia
Patidars (Patel)
Rajputs
Rabaris
Sindhis
Sidi
Targala - Bhavaya
Vanzara
Vadi
Vaghari
Vankar
Vohras













 

Ahir (Ayar):
            The Ahirs inspired the historians to a nostalgic trip to the past with their rich background, attract the story-writers with their variety of lifestyle and compel the artists to hold the brush with th

eir colorful interaction with the surroundings.
            The folk tales of Ahir and Ayarani are woven in the air of Saurashtra. The land of Saurashtra is always proud of the boldness, super-special characteristics and the culture of an Ayarani. The Ayar community is spread throughout husbandry and agriculture. They normally live in ‘Nes’ in the forest area.
            The Ayars believe that they are the descendents of moon they hail from Yadu family. The community was known for its fighting spirit at one time. They had inhabited in this land even before Lord Karishma came and settled. They were the rulers of small and medium states Ayars are fair to wheatish in complexion, tall and robut in build. The Ayar women are beautiful and well built. The males greet each other by embracing and saying ‘Ram ram’ when they meet whereas women greet each other by touching another’s head with two hands, wishing happiness.
            The Ayar male usually wears comparatively tight shirt called Kediyu, breeches and a big turban with many turns and twists. Some males bring out a feather like end from the turban whereas the young people wear white turban is normally 25 to 30 feet long. The shirt or the Kediyu is embroidered from the back. They put on old-fashioned shoes with a beak like shape in the front. They keep a big and thick stick or a dhariyu when they go out. Males wear simple bangle like bracelet and vedh or a ring with more turns earrings or golden-flowers in their ears, a narrow-shaped thick necklace and Kandora or silver chain in the waist.
            The Ayar women choose their attire in such a way that their beauty gets an unusual lift. They wear colorful dress that includes a thin cloth or a blanket on head, Jimi and a peruliar type of shirts. The blanket is made of dark red or black wool and embroidered on one side. The upper-garment or kapadi is open piece of different colours. The sleeves of the Kapadi are embroidered with colors and small round pieces of mirror. The jimi is usually dark red in colour.
            There are many sub-castes in Ayar community. They differ in their dress. They put on hollow rings of silver or kadala inleg, kadali in wrist, necklace, silver rings in lower part, a small ring in the nose and thick bangles in hand. The Ayar women are known for their skill in embroidery in diamond and small round mirror. They decorate their dwellings themselves on ominous occasions. They love red, yellow, green, orange and violet colors.
            The Raas is particularly a heritage of Gop culture and the Ayars being the descendents of the very culture have preserved it in the true sense. They believe that they are same people with whom Lord Krishna played Raasleela. Janmashtami is their main festival and they celebrate it with great enthusiasm and funfair. Though the Raas played by Ayars are not very gorgeous, they perform it with great zeal and involvement. The Ayar women wear new clothes and load themselves with ornaments while playing Raas. They create a beautiful and attractive scene. It is an experience to witness the Raas of the Ayar community.